Barrister79’s Weblog

Just another weblog

Existentialism of Jean Paul Sartre: The Salient Features

Submitted by Paul Whelmer Alforque to the Thinkers Guild

1. Existence always precedes essence. Existence as an infinite situation [not as a precondition] prevails over the concepts of meanings.

2. Man, first has to exist and defines himself afterwards. The meaning of his existence is only a result produced by his consciousness, consciousness comes after he attained existence.

3. The search for meaning presupposed nothingness. Searching for meaning suggests that there is no meaning at all, it is only through the searching that meaning comes out – there is no innate meaning.

4. The “meaning” being a result of existence and acquired human consciousness. It is the conscious mind that has the capability to create “essence” and not the unconscious.

5. There is no human nature, man made it. There is no god, we made them in the process of our quest for essence.

6. The conscious mind is the sole manufacturer of meanings, interpretations, essence and perceptions.

7. The will to  interpret for himself is the main denominator of one’s capability to fabricate essence.

8. There is neither determinism nor destiny – man is free. Man’s freedom includes the freedom to create his destiny.

9. Man is condemned to be free. Condemned because he did not create himself; existence obtained by competition of billion sperms running towards a fertile egg. Together with his existence is his responsibility for everything he does.

10. It is in man’s existence whereby man is inventing himself.

11. EXISTENTIAL HUMANISM. There is no other universe except the human universe – the universe of human subjectivity.

12. HUMANISM in the sense that there is  no legislator but himself. 


February 26, 2008 - Posted by | Existential Atheism, Existentialism, Jean Paul Sartre, Philosophy

1 Comment »

  1. I think two key elements are missing. First, Sartre bases a lot of emphasis on human condition. Human nature is not determinant, however, human condition is necessary to be understood to act accordingly. Second, the emphasis on choices, actions. We are what we do. Our history is created by us through action.

    Comment by bookcrazy | March 21, 2008 | Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: